Marriage is a bonding between a man and a woman. It becomes legal when the marriage takes place in a solemn ceremony before the society, community and registered by law. The legal permissible age for a man to marry is 21 yrs and for a woman is 18 years. A marriage becomes null and void if this age criteria is not met.
If marriage is not consummated, either of the parties can withdraw from each other’s company. In such circumstances too, the marriage becomes null and void.
Another important aspect of a legal marriage is that none of the parties can remarry if the marriage is not dissolved by a decree of divorce. If either of the partners become insane or renounce the world or have unnatural sex, then the marriage can be dissolved. Dissolution of marriage is the main criteria for remarriage.
In a male-dominated society, it is likely that a man tends to enter into a relationship without dissolving his previous marriage. Women, many a times, become prey to such illegal tactics of men and enter a relationship which is later declared invalid by law. A woman can sue a man for bigamy if the husband is found to have remarried again without dissolving his previous marriage legally.
Marriages cannot be dissolved merely on paper. Affidavits pertaining to dissolution of marriage or a deed of dissolution of marriage are invalid in law. Every marriage performed legally has to be dissolved legally. Any woman entering into a marriage merely on the basis of a document like affidavit or deed of dissolution shall definitely fall in to a pit.
The second marriage, in this case, is declared null and void. The first wife retains all rights over finances and property of the husband. The children of the first marriage are considered legal and have priority over inheritance.
It is, therefore, advised before re-marrying to closely verify the documents and also cross-check from the concerned court of law. Mere affidavits or deeds of dissolutions are not sufficient to dissolve the marriage. Men in rural areas generally have a tendency to dissolve marriages on a piece of paper and enter into second marriages. Thus such men are liable to be prosecuted for bigamy, cheating and abuse of law and marriage institution.